The first part of this decade focuses on the new political map with the rise of the right-wing parties to the government and the peace treaty with Egypt. The second part deals with the Israeli response to the peace agreement and its price (the evacuation of the Sinai and communal settlements in the Rafiah Settlement Bloc.)
The first part of this room focuses on the enormous accomplishment made by the Likud Government headed by Menachem Begin – the peace treaty with Egypt. Further in the room is a display of the price paid for this peace – the evacuation of the Sinai and the destruction and demolition of the settlements built there. Additional exhibits in the room present the economic crisis of the 1980s and the sectarian polarization that intensified during those years. The second part of the room contains an exhibit displaying the First Lebanon War and the rift it caused in Israeli society.